Root Canals & Extractions
At Young Street Dental in Chilliwack, our dentists can provide treatment for complicated oral issues, including root canal therapy and teeth extractions.
Our team can help correct your smile!
Our dentists might use procedures such as root canals or tooth extractions to help treat infection in the teeth and gums, helping keep your smile healthy and happy.
What is a root canal?
A tooth consists of a two parts. What you see in the mirror above the gums is the crown and below the gums is the root.
When a tooth chips or has decay present a filling is performed in the crown of the tooth.
If the filling is required in the root of the tooth it is called a root canal.
In every root is a channel much like the lead in a pencil. This channel is filled with tissue called the pulp. It consists of connective tissue, blood vessels, and nerve tissue.
If something happens which damages the pulp tissue, a root canal may be required to save the tooth.
Most root canals are performed in one visit. There are certain clinical indicators which may necessitate two or more visits but this cannot be determined until the root canal is being performed.
After the root canal is completed it is not unusual for a little post operative sensitivity for a few days. This normally diminishes quickly and is controlled with a mild pain killer if required.
A crown may be recommended for the tooth since teeth do become more brittle over time and a crown will protect the tooth.
Statistically about 14% of root canals may need re-treatment in the future, but this is a valuable treatment to avoid losing a tooth.
When might I need a root canal?
Our dentists might recommend a root canal if you experience any of the following;
- An abscess on the gums
- Extreme sensitivity
- Severe toothache pain
- Swelling and/or tenderness
Our dentists may recommend root canal therapy for patients who are likely to develop, or already have developed, an inner soft-tissue infection.
Since this type of infection cannot clear up on it's own, a root canal might be necessary.
Your dentist will evaluate your oral health, and in order to help prevent infections from worsening, root canals may be recommended.
Learn more about Root Canals
What is a tooth extraction?
Tooth extraction is the process where a dead or infected tooth is completely removed from your jaw.
Dentists and oral surgeons resort to this procedure when no other treatment is possible to remove the infections from that tooth and improve your mouth health.
Extraction of baby teeth is sometimes required when there is a spacing problem, the child cannot remove the tooth on their own, or if the tooth is severely decayed.
Extraction of adult teeth may be required if a tooth is impacted, severely decayed, or traumatically broken.
If a tooth is infected (this usually involves swelling, increased temperature, swollen lymph nodes, and pain), you will normally be put on an antiobiotic prior to the tooth being removed.
This is to allow the anesthetic to work properly as well as to avoid spreading any infection into the surrounding area. Swelling in the face is never taken lightly and can frequently progress faster than oral antibiotics can fight it.
What happens after my procedure?
You must take extra care of the tooth-extracted area. We will provide you with a list of home-care steps to take to ensure there is no infection or inflammation. Your dentist will strictly prohibit smoking for at least 2 days after the surgery. Avoid hard foods until you have completely recovered from the local or general anaesthesia.
In a complicated situation, a referral to an oral surgeon may be warranted. The closest oral surgeon is in Abbotsford. More complicated cases, such as with medically compromised patients, may need to be done in hospital under a general anesthetic. Regardless of the method of sedation used, local anesthetic will always be given to help with any post operative discomfort. Most patients rely strictly on a local anesthetic and good tender loving care, but sedation is always an option for the more fearful patient.
After every extraction, post operative instructions are provided and if you do not have any pain killers at home, a prescription for something suitable will be provided.